The purpose of this funding opportunity announcement (FOA) is to support functional microbiome research focused on understanding the molecular, immunological and physiological mechanisms by which the microbiota (gut, lung, oral, including bacteria, viral and fungal microflora) and its derived factors modulate heart, lung, blood and sleep (HLBS) biology and physiology to promote health or contribute to disease. This FOA encourages mechanistic studies using in vitro, in vivo and/or ex vivo models that focus on the mechanistic and functional involvement of the microbiome and their components in the modulation or activation of host pathways. The goal is to provide the critical knowledge to guide early translational approaches for better understanding and treatment of HLBS conditions in adults and children. This FOA encourages multidisciplinary collaborations among scientists in a wide range of disciplines including (but not limited to) cardiology, pulmonology, hematology, sleep science, circadian biology, immunology, ‘-omic’ sciences, microbiology, microbial ecology, biotechnology, and bioinformatics.
This Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) encourages applications to improve health outcomes for women, infants and children, by stimulating interdisciplinary research focused on maternal nutrition and pre-pregnancy obesity. Maternal health significantly impacts not only the mother but also the intrauterine environment, and subsequently fetal development and the health of the newborn.